International Migration Outlook 2016 (OECD)
This report provides a broad overview of recent trends in international migration flows and migration policies in OECD countries and some non-OECD countries.
The 2016 edition of the ‘International Migration Outlook’ analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries. This report looks also at the evolution of the labour market outcomes of recent immigrants in OECD countries. It includes two special chapters: “The economic impact of migration: Why the local level matters” and "International migration following environmental and geopolitical shocks: How can OECD countries respond?", as well as country notes and a statistical annex.
In addition to increased integration efforts, for countries to reap the full benefits of migration and heal the social schisms appearing in some countries, the OECD urges action on three fronts:
• Address the local impact of migration. Large and sudden inflows of migrants are generally concentrated in specific regions and urban areas – often the most disadvantaged ones. This puts pressure on local services, such as housing, transport and education. Arrivals of low-skilled migrants may sometimes also have an impact on the job market for low-skilled residents. Scaling up public services to address this is essential, as well as enforcing minimum wages and other labour market regulations.
• Global challenges need global solutions. International co-operation needs to be stepped up, with different countries making different contributions.
• Needs must be identified and addressed more rapidly. Protracted crises that displace large numbers of people generate a growing tension between the need to find and fund long-lasting solutions and the general preference for short-term protection measures. A longer-term solution would be to set minimum standards in terms of short-term protection and to facilitate a pathway towards more stable protection where necessary. The international community also needs to significantly increase its effort in terms of resettlement.