International Migration Outlook 2015 (OECD)
This publication analyses recent development in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and some non member countries as well as the evolution of recent labour market outcomes of immigrants in OECD countries.
The International Migration Outlook 2015 provides a broad overview of recent trends in international migration flows and migration policies in OECD countries and some non-OECD countries. It also takes a look at the employment situation of immigrants and highlights major changes in policies to support the integration of immigrants and their children.
This edition of the International Migration Outlook includes a special focus on health care professionals: it examines how the international migration of these workers to OECD countries has evolved since 2000.
The press release and the summary of the publication highlight the following main trends:
- Migration is rising overall and has returned to its pre-crisis level: Preliminary data suggest that permanent migration flows to the OECD reached 4.3 million permanent entries in 2014, up 6% from 2013. While humanitarian migration had the largest increases in recent years, in absolute levels the increase was much stronger among free mobility flows within the European Union. Free mobility also remains the second most important entry category, after family migration.
- Some positive signs regarding labour market outcomes of immigrants: Overall, the employment rate of immigrants in the OECD increased by 1.3 percentage points between 2011 and 2014. There was not much change regarding the unemployment rate, which remained on average 3.3 points higher for foreign-born than for native-born.
- The growing importance of health worker migration: In 2014, about 2.7 million doctors in the OECD were foreign-trained, accounting for more than one in four doctors in the United Kingdom and the United States and more than one in three or more in Ireland, Israel, New Zealand and Norway. A third of all doctors originating from low-income countries is an expatriate in an OECD country.
You can read the full report (in English and in French), the full press release and summaries (available in 24 languages, including English, French and Dutch) here.