A Dublin IV Recast: a new and improved system (Egmont Institute)
This policy brief examines how the unprecedented influx of asylum seekers has led to the fragmentation of the Dublin system. The flaws of the Dublin system are analysed, and the Commission’s proposal for the recast of the Dublin system is looked into.
According to member states and EU officials, the European Union has now entered a period of ‘post crisis.’ In this fragile period of stability, the European Commission has begun its task of strengthening the EU’s legislative framework on asylum.
The focal point of the Commission’s task has been the reform of the Dublin system which, during the asylum crisis, had almost collapsed.
This policy brief of the Egmont Royal Institute for International Relations has three aims. Firstly, it examines how the unprecedented movement of over one million persons seeking international protection to the EU in 2015 led to the fragmentation of the Dublin system. Secondly, it examines the main flaws of the Dublin system, namely the disconnect between the unchanged status quo on the Dublin rules and the ever-changing political and economic environment of the EU. Finally, it examines the Commission’s proposal for the recast of the Dublin system, assessing whether the new elements are adequate in resolving the key problems of the system.
The author argues that although the reform does address, to a limited extent, the problems of secondary movement and the overburdening of some member states’ asylum systems, the reform does not sufficiently resolve the key flaws of Dublin in light of potential future migratory challenges.