Satisfying labour demands in mid- and low-skilled occupations through immigration

This article examines ways of better identifying the role of mid- and low-skilled migration in filling labour and skill shortages.

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This article written by Dr Katerina-Marina Kyrieri, Lecturer, EIPA Maastricht and Eleni Roidou, external Research Assistant to the IOM LINET study, underlines the importance and necessity of satisfying labour demands through the migration of less-skilled workers.

The study examines in particular:

  • The percentage of third country nationals (TCNs) employed in mid- and low-skilled occupations in EU countries
  • The types of work carried out by migrant workers
  • The adequacy of formal qualifications to capture skill requirements
  • The countries' approaches to identifying skill and labour shortages
  • The foundations of staff shortages in semi and low-skilled occupations
  • The responses to perceived labour and skill shortages and the reasons which limit them.

The authors conclude that long-term benefits for the host society and migrants depend on the extent to which migrants can find a job in line with their educational attainment and skills equally to native workers. The following aims are identified: increasing transparency and removing prioritisation in professions with skill shortages, as well as upskilling and facilitating the acquisition of soft skills through lifelong learning and/or continuing vocational training.

Publication Date:
Tue 07 Aug 2012
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