Employment Chances and Changes of Immigrants in Belgium: the Impact of Citizenship
Working Paper of the Centre for Social Policy (CSB) by Vincent Corluy, Ive Marx and Gerlinde Verbist
About the publication
This Working Paper No. 11/07 of CSB looks at the impact of citizenship acquisition on the labour market positions of immigrants in Belgium.
Citizenship is open to all immigrants with a sufficient period of legal residence, without any language or integration requirements. In that respect, this study is an important complement to existing studies which have mostly focused on countries with comparatively stricter acquisition rules. Based on Labour Force Survey data for 2008, this study uses probit regression to estimate static and dynamic employment probabilities and unemployment risks. The authors find that citizenship acquisition is associated with better labour market outcomes for non-Western immigrants in general. According to the paper, this effect remains after controlling for years of residence since migration, indicating the existence of a citizenship premium in Belgium.
Authors: Vincent Corluy, Ive Marx and Gerlinde Verbist (Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp)
This publication is available in English only.