Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and Protecting its Victims (Directive 2011/36/EU)
On 5 April 2011, the European Union adopted Directive 2011/36/EU which sets out minimum standards to be applied throughout the European Union in preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting victims.
The Directive 2011/36/EU, on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA, has been formally adopted on the 5 April 2011.
It makes explicit that the definition of trafficking in human beings covers also trafficking for forced begging, for the exploitation of criminal activities, for the removal of organs as well as for illegal adoption or forced marriages. The instrument also introduces tougher penalties for traffickers as well as better protection of and assistance to victims.
The deadline for transposition of the Directive into national law is April 6, 2013. The European Commission shall by 6 April 2015 report back assessing the extent to which Member States have taken the necessary measures in order to comply with the Directive.