South - South Return Migration: Challenges and Opportunities
In this background note, the ACP Observatory on Migration assesses return migration in a South-South context, proposing return definitions, typologies and trends as well as a summary of current policies and best practices.
This Background Note provides a concise overview of the process of South–South return migration.
- The first section focuses on the definition and background regarding the topic of return migration and provides different typologies of return migrants based on the work of Gmelch (1980).
- The second section provides an overview of return trends in ACP countries.
- The third section discusses the concept of sustainable return and reintegration in countries of origin and provides an overview of current policies and best practices.
- The last section describes the types of impacts of return migrants on their countries of origin and the background concludes with a list of policy recommendations for ACP and other countries.