Current migration situation in the EU: impact on local communities (FRA)

This updated report assesses how the presence of persons in need of protection affect the local communities in terms of housing, education, local economy and social responses

This updated report examines how the situation has developed in the seven EU Member States covered by the previous report (Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Germany, Hungary, Italy and Sweden) and also assesses the situation in seven additional EU Member States (Denmark, Finland, France, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia and Spain).

Compared to 2016, the number of asylum seekers generally decreased in the majority of the locations in 2017. However, providing adequate and affordable housing remains one of the main challenges for local communities. Other recurring challenges include tackling negative social responses, supporting (social) integration, providing education and preventing school segregation, providing healthcare, and addressing the transition from education to employment.

There have also been positive developments, particularly the increase in and development of support for asylum seekers by civil society organisations. Promising practices in terms of fundamental rights were also reported in education and language acquisition, employment and labour markets, healthcare, and accommodation. Safety and security for local communities and asylum seekers increased in some locations. Social responses to and perceptions of asylum seekers and refugees have overall been positive. Some local communities specifically welcomed the resulting population increase and the positive effects on local economies.

More information on the FRA report on the impact of the current migration situation on local communities.

You can also look at the FRA thematic focus on the impact of the asylum crisis on local communities.

Publication Date:
Thu 01 Feb 2018
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