Socioeconomic monitoring 2017 - Labour market and origin (Unia & FPS Employment)
The third socioeconomic monitoring includes data from 2013-2014, enlarges the analyzed age group and includes new variables - such as the level of education - and themes - such as the public sector - to better understand participation in the labour market according to the origin.
The third socioeconomic report highlights the following, inter alia :
- The quality of the data has improved.
- Education facilitates participation in the labour market but, with equal level of education, non-Belgian citizens do not participate in the labour market as much as Belgians do.
- The level of qualification has gained importance and all medium-skilled youth persons, whatever their origin, participate more in the labour market than low-skilled Belgians.
- The differences in school performance levels according to the origin are exceptionally high.
- Non-EU highly qualified persons are to be found in sectors less remunerated than EU highly qualified persons.
- The gender gap - both in terms of employment and remuneration - has been reduced but varies according to the origin.
- The type of household also impacts on participation in the labour market, and women with children are more often unemployed.
- The image of a two-speed or two-tier labour market persists. The segmentation is linked to the level of qualification but there are differences - in terms of remuneration, stability - which can't be explained.
- There is a segregation in the public sector where certain categories are over or underrepresented in specific sectors. There is a lack of diversity among teachers.
- The impact of the motive to migrate seems to fade and persons coming for family or asylum purposes integrate better in the labour market.
- Differences between origins - not only Belgian/UE/non-UE but also within these groups - appear clearly. This impacts on their respective representation in the labour market, in specific sectors, etc.
The report includes concrete recommendations in several domains, including the reform the labour market, the inclusive education and the fight against discrimination.
The report, enclosed above, is available in French and in Dutch.